TIMELINE: 1970s Liberation Theology Writings and Relevant Works

1970

Africa:

  • John Mbiti, Concepts of God in Africa

Americas:

  • Eduardo Galeano, Las Venas Abiertas de América Latina (The Open Veins of Latin America), written”in three months, in the last ninety nights of 1970, while he worked during the day in the university” (Isabel Allende, intro to 25th Anniversary edition).
  • Juan Luis Segundo, De la sociedad a la teología
  • Lucio Gera, Apuntes para una interpretación de le Iglesia argentina
  • Germán Guzmán C., La rebeldía clerical en América Latina, in “Revista Mexicana de Sociología, Vol. 32, No. 2, Memorias del IX Congresso Latinoamericano de Sociología, 3 (March-April).
  • James H. Cone, A Black Theology of Liberation
  • James H. Cone, Black Theology on revolution, violence and reconciliation, in “Dialog”, Vol 12 (Spring)
  • Daniel Berrigan and Thomas Lewis, Trial Poems: A Poet, A Painter – A Facsimile Edition of Their Prison Art, on 1 Jan.
  • Herbert Aptheker, The Urgency of Marxist-Christian Dialogue
  • Walter Brueggemann, The Triumphalist Tendency in Exegetical History
  • John Cobb Jr. & Charles Birch, From Cell to Community: The Liberation of Life?, CUP – process creation theology.

Europe:

  • Dorothee Sölle, Beyond Mere Obedience: Reflections on a Christian Ethic for the Future
  • Helmut Gollwitzer, The Christian Faith and Marxist Criticism of Religion. Gollwitzer was a well known member of the Confessing Church, originally studying under Karl Barth at Basel and serving as pastor at Berlin-Dahlem after the arrest of Martin Niemöller.
  • Church of England Board for Social Responsibility Working Party, Church Information Office, Man in His Living Environment: An Ethical Assessment, “One of the very few church reports to stand the test of time.” (Linzey).
  • Teilhard de Chardin, Hymn of the Universe, ET by N.M. Wildiers, Collins Fontana edn.

1971

Africa:

John Mbiti, New Testament Eschatology in an African Background

Americas:

  • José Porfirio Miranda, Marx y la biblia, Critica a la filosofia de la oppression, Salamanca: Ediciones Sígueme. TRA: 1974
  • John Gerassi (ed), Revolutionary Priest: The Complete Writings & Messages of Camilo Torres
  • J. Deotis Roberts, Liberation and Reconciliation: A Black Theology
  • Gustavo Gutierrez, Teología de la Liberación
  • Hugo Assmann, Opresión-Liberación: Desafio a los Cristianos.
  • Severino Croatto, ‘Liberacion y libertad. Reflexiones hermeneúticas en torno al Antiguo Testamento’ Revista Biblica 32. Later published under short title in ’73.
  • Mary Daly, article, The Spiritual Dimension of Women’s Liberation in Notes from the Third Year: Women’s Liberation
  • Ivan Illich, Deschooling Society
  • Robert Coles and Daniel Berrigan, Geography of Faith: Conversation Between Daniel Berrigan, When Underground, and Robert Coles
  • Anne E. Carr, The Theological Method of Karl Rahner, dissertation at University of Chicago.

Europe:

  • Philip Land (ed.), Theology Meets Progress: Human Implication of Development, Rome: Gregorian University Press. INCLUDES: Josef Fuchs,Moral Aspects of Human Progress.

1972

Americas:

  • Leonardo Boff, Jesus Christ Liberator.
  • Alceu Amoroso Lima, Testimony: on the influence of Maritain in Latin America, in NEW SCHOLASTICISM vol. 46
  • Luis Rivera-Pagán, write the chapters “Teología y praxis de liberación” and“Aportes del Marxismo” in Pueblo oprimido, señor de la historia. Montevideo: Tierra Nueva.
  • Rosemary Radford-Ruether, Liberation Theology
  • James H Cone, The Spirituals and the Blues: An Interpretation
  • James Cone/Hugo Assmann/Paulo Freire/Eduardo I Bodipo-Malumba, A symposium on Black Theology and Latin American Theology of Liberation.
  • Mary Daly, article, A Call for the Castration of Sexist Religion in The Unitarian Universalist Christian 27
  • John Cobb Jr., Is It Too Late? A Theology of Ecology, Bruce Publishing, California.
  • Daniel Berrigan, American is Hard to Find

Asia:

  • Sebastian Kappen, Vswäsathilninnu Viplavathilèkku (in Malayalam, English: From Faith to Revolution)

Europe:

  • Ernst Bloch, Atheism in Christianity: The Religion of the Exodus and of the Kingdom, trans. J.T. Swann.

1973

Africa:

Bolji Idowu, African Traditional Religion: A Definition

Americas:

  • TRANSLATED: Gustavo Gutierrez, Theology of Liberation, translated by Sister Caridad Inda & John Eagleson
  • TRANSLATED: Gustavo Gutierrez, Theologie der Befreiung, translated by Horst Goldstein with a forward by Johann Baptist Metz.
  • Lucio Gera, Teologio de la liberación
  • Ignacio Ellacuría, Liberación: Misión y Carisma de la Iglesia
  • Hugo Assmann, Theology for a Nomad Church, New York: Orbis, 1976.
  • Enrique Dussel, Para una ética de la liberación latinoamericano (Buenos Aires).
  • Vine Deloria, Jr., God is Red
  • Mary Daly, Beyond God the Father
  • Ivan Illich, Tools for Conviviality
  • Phyllis Trible, Depatriarchalizing in Biblical Interpretation
  • Idris Hamid (ed.) Troubling the Waters, Trinidad: Rahaman Printer Ltd. INCLUDES: Ashley Smith, “The religious significance of Black Power in Caribbean churches”, Joseph Owens, “Rastafarians of Jamaica”, etc.

Europe:

  • Jurgen Moltmann, The Gospel of Liberation
  • Jurgen Moltmann, The Crucified God
  • Johannes Baptist-Metz, Theology of the World
  • Vitézlav Gardavsky, God Is Not Yet Dead, English edition

Oceania:

  • G. Serle, From Deserts the Prophets Come: The Creative Spirit in Australia 1788-1972, Melbourne: Heinemann

1974

Africa:

  • Robert McAfee Brown, “Christian Institute of Southern Africa vs the state of South Africa.” Journal of Ecumenical Studies 11:99-102
  • David J. Bosch, Currents and Crosscurrents in South African Black Theology, in Journal of Religion in Africa, Vol 6, Fasc 1

Americas:

  • TRANSLATED: Paulo Freire, Education: The Practice of Freedom
  • José Porfirio Miranda, Marx and the Bible: A Critique of the Philosophy of Oppression, Maryknoll
  • Ignacio Martín-Baró, Elementos de Conscientización socio-politica en los curricula de las universidades
  • Margaret Todaro Williams, The Politicization of the Brazilian Catholic Church: The Catholic Electoral League, in Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs, Vol 16, No 3, August. Focusing on the 1930s, with discussion of Amoroso Lima
  • Eul-Soo Pang, The Changing Roles of Priests in the Politics of Northeast Brazil, 1889-1964, in “The Americas”, Vol. 30, No. 3, January
  • Rosemary Radford-Ruether, Faith and Fratricide: The Theological Roots of Anti-semitism
  • Mary Daly, article, God is a Verb in MS
  • Daniel Berrigan, Lights on in the house of the dead, in 1 March.
  • N. Piediscalzi and R.G. Thobaben (eds), From Hope to Liberation: Towards a New Marxist-Christian Dialogue, Philadelphia

Asia:

  • Kosuke Koyama, Waterbuffalo Theology (Orbis)

Europe:

  • Dorothee Sölle, Political Theology
  • Claus Westerman, Creation, SPCK. “One of the first more eco-friendly readings of Genesis departing from a purely instrumentalist view of creation.” (Linzey)

1975

Global:

  • Catholic feminist theology was connected with the early years of the journal Concilium that explored the theme of “women in the Church” in a special issue in 1975, edited by the Catholic ecumenist Gregory Baum. Ten years later Concilium created a special section for feminist theology.” (Faggioli, Vatican II: The Battle for Meaning.

Africa:

  • John Mbiti, The Prayers of African Religion

Americas:

  • Jose Miguez Bonino, Doing Theology in a Revolutionary Situation, Philadelphia
  • Juan Luis Segundo, Liberación de la teología
  • Ignacio Ellacuría, Hacia una Fundamentación del Método Teológico Latinoamericana
  • Gozalo Arroyo, Nota Sobre la Iglesia y Los Cristianos de Izquierda a la Hora del Putsch en Chile, in “Latin American Perspectives”, Vo. 2, No. 1 (Spring)
  • Jon Sobrino: “He got his Doctorate in theology in 1975, in Hochschule Sankt Georgen Frankfurt (Germany), his thesis being Significado de la Cruz y resurrección de Jesús en las cristologías sistematícas de W. Pannenberg y J. Moltmann” – Vera Invanise Bombonatto, in EATWOT’s “Taking the Poor down from the Cross” p. 36
  • James H Cone, God of the Oppressed
  • Anne E. Carr, “The Church in Process: Engendering the Future” – Women and Catholic Priesthood. Given as a talk at Women’s Ordination Conference in Detroit.

Europe:

  • Dorothee Sölle, Suffering
  • Nikolai Berdyaev, Christianisme, marxisme, Conception chrétienne et conception marxiste de l’histoire, in Paris

Oceania:

  • B. Wongar, The Trackers, Collingwood, Victoria: Outback. The first of a series of books, quoted in R. Boer’s Last Stop Before Antarctica.

1976

Global:

  • The Gospel of Peace and Justice: Catholic Social Teaching since Pope John, edited by Joseph Gremillion (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis).

Africa:

  • Allan Boesak, Farewell to Innocence: A Socio-Ethical Study on Black Theology and Black Power, a doctoral dissertation.
  • Ewane Kange, La politique dans le système religieux catholique romain en Afrique de 1815 à 1960, (Lille: Atelier Réproduction de Thèses, Univ. Lille III; distribution, H. Campion).

Americas:

  • José Míguez Bonino, Christians and Marxists: The Mutual Challenge to Revolution, London.
  • Juan Luis Segundo, The Liberation of Theology, New York: Orbis.
  • Matthew Lamb, “The theory-praxis relationship in contemporary Christian theologies”, Catholic Theological Society of America Proceedings 31

Asia:

  • Asian Voices in Theology (Orbis).
  • Jung Young Lee, What Asian Christians Me Thinking, (New Day Pub). Author of “The Yin-Yang Way of Thinking: A Possible Method for Ecumenical Theology”

Europe:

  • Milan Machovec, A Marxist Looks at Jesus, English edition.

1977

Global:

Théologies du tiers-monde: Du conformisme à l’independance (Paris: Harmattan), in English see The Emergent Gospel (Orbis 1978).

Africa:

  • Kwesi Dickson, The Human Dimension in the Theological Quest
  • N. Kabinga, “Implications de la actuelles du basin conventionnel du Congo, de 1885 à 1965: Cas du Congo Belge,” III Cycle dissertation, Strasbourg, defended November 26, 1977.
  • Americas:

Americas:

  • Ignacio Martín-Baró writes a thesis on “Social Attitudes and Group Conflict in El Salvador” at University of Chicago.
  • Leonardo Boff, Paixao de Cristo—Paixao do Mundo, Petropolis: Editori Vozes.
  • Kortright Davis, Moving Into Freedom, Barbados: Cedar Press.
  • Walter Brueggemann, The Land: Place as Gift, Promise, and Challenge in Biblical Faith
  • Daniel Berrigan, A Book of Parables, in May
  • John C. Haughey (ed.), The Faith That Does Justice: Examining the Christian Sources for Social Change. INCLUDES: John R. Donahue, Biblical Perspectives on Justice ; Avery Dulles, The Meaning of Faith Considered in Relationship to Justice ; John C. Haughey, Jesus as the Justice of God

Europe:

  • Marciano Vidal Garcia, Teología de la Liberación y etica social Cristiana: Interrogantes sobre el método de la Teología moral, in “Studia Moralia” 15: 207-218
  • Peter Hebblethwaite, The Christian-Marxist Dialogue: beginnings, present status, and beyond, in London/NY.
  • Stephen R.L. Clark, The Moral Status of Animals, Clarendon Press.

1978

Americas:

  • Enrique Dussel, Discernment: A Question of Orthodoxy or Orthopraxis? InConcilium 119: 47-60
  • TRANSLATED: Enrique Dussel, Teologia de la liberación y etica as “Ethics and the Theology of Liberation, by Bernard F. McWilliams, Maryknoll: Orbis. Originally delivered as lectures at a course organized by the Justice and Peace Study Center, Buenos Aires in 1972.
  • Clodovis Boff, Teología e prática: Teología do politico e suas mediaçoes. Petropolis: Editora Vozes.
  • Edward Said, Orientalism
  • Mary Daly, Gyn/Ecology: The Metaethics of Radical Feminism
  • Marc H Ellis, A Year at the Catholic Worker, his first work, written between 1974-1975
  • Walter Brueggemann, The Prophetic Imagination
  • Daniel Berrigan, Besides the Sea of Glass: Song of the Lamb, in Oct
  • Dennis McCann, Reinhold Niebuhr and Jacques Maritain on Marxism: A Comparison of Two Traditional Models of Practical Theology, in The Journal of Religion, Vo. 58, No. 2 (April)
  • David Ehrenfeld, The Arrogance of Humanism, OUP, New York: “A powerful critique by an environmental biologist of humanist attempts to protect the environment” (Linzey)

Asia:

  • Francisco F. Claver, The Stones Will Cry Out.

Europe:

  • Johannes Baptist-Metz, Followers of Christ: Religious Life and the Church
  • Dorothee Sölle, Death by Bread Alone: Texts and Reflections on Religious Experience
  • Jan Milíč Lochman, Encountering Marx: Bonds and Barriers between Christians and Marxists, Philadelphia.
  • Giorgio Girardet, Il Vangelo della liberazione: letture politica di Luca. TRANSLATED: Lecture politique de l’Evangile de Luc, preface by Françouis Houtart

1979

Africa:

  • Kofi Appiah-Kubi and Sergio Torres, African Theology en Route (Maryknoll, NY: Orbis).

Americas:

  • Elsa Tamez, La Biblia de los oprimidos, DEI: San Jose.
  • Norman Gottwald, The Tribes of Yahweh: A Sociology of the Religion of Liberated Israel 1250-1050 B.C.E., Maryknoll, NY: Orbis
  • John L Topel, The Way of Peace: Liberation through the Bible. Maryknoll: Orbis
  • Walter Brueggemann, Trajectories in Old Testament Literature and the Sociology of Ancient Israel

Asia:

  • Choan-Seng Song, Third Eye Theology (Orbis).
  • Tissa Balasuriya, The Eucharist and Human Liberation, (Orbis)

Europe:

  • Johannes Baptist-Metz, Meditation on the Passion: Two Meditations on Mark 8:31-38
  • Karl Rahner, “Towards a Fundamental Theological Interpretation of Vatican II”, Theological Studies 40: 716-727

Oceania:

  • Mudrooroo Narogin Nyoongah (C. Johnson), Wild Cat Falling, Sydney: Angus & Robertson
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